Banking Regulation Update: What You Need to Know About the Latest Changes

Banking Regulation Update: What You Need to Know About the Latest Changes

The banking industry is constantly evolving, and regulatory bodies are working to ensure that financial institutions remain stable and secure. In recent months, several significant changes have been implemented, aimed at improving risk management, consumer protection, and financial stability. In this article, we’ll break down the latest updates and their implications for banks, financial institutions, and consumers.

Basel III: The New Capital Requirements

The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) has revised the capital requirements for banks, effective from January 2023. The new regulations, known as Basel III, aim to improve the resilience of the banking system by introducing stricter capital buffers and liquidity standards. The key changes include:

  • Increased minimum common equity tier 1 (CET1) capital ratio from 4.5% to 5.5%
  • Tighter risk-weighted asset (RWA) requirements for certain asset classes, such as sovereign debt and loans to corporates
  • New liquidity standards, including a 120-day net stable funding ratio (NSFR) requirement

These changes will require banks to hold more capital and maintain higher liquidity levels, reducing the risk of instability and improving their ability to absorb potential losses.

Consumer Protection: The European Union’s (EU) Revised Payment Services Directive (PSD2)

The PSD2, effective from January 2018, aims to enhance consumer protection and increase competition in the payment services market. Key changes include:

  • Mandatory Strong Customer Authentication (SCA) for online transactions, to reduce fraud and strengthen security
  • New requirements for banks to provide customers with more detailed information on payment services and fees
  • Increased competition through the introduction of third-party payment initiation services (PIS) and account information services (AIS)

PSD2 is expected to increase transparency and security for consumers, while also promoting innovation and competition in the payments industry.

Anti-Money Laundering (AML) and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (CFT) Regulations

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has updated its guidelines for AML and CFT, effective from October 2022. The key changes include:

  • Strengthened customer due diligence requirements, including enhanced identity verification and documentation
  • Increased focus on beneficial ownership and politically exposed persons (PEPs)
  • New requirements for reporting and record-keeping, including the creation of a centralized database for suspicious activity reports (SARs)

These updates aim to improve the effectiveness of AML/CFT measures, reducing the risk of financial crime and ensuring the integrity of the global financial system.

Implementation and Compliance

While these changes aim to improve the stability and security of the financial system, they also present challenges for banks and financial institutions. To ensure compliance, institutions must:

  • Update their risk management frameworks and internal policies
  • Conduct thorough assessments of their capital and liquidity positions
  • Invest in technology and infrastructure to support enhanced customer authentication and data reporting
  • Train staff on the new regulations and ensure adequate resources are allocated for implementation


The latest changes in banking regulation aim to improve risk management, consumer protection, and financial stability. By understanding these updates, banks, financial institutions, and consumers can better navigate the evolving regulatory landscape. As the industry continues to adapt to these changes, it is essential to prioritize compliance, innovation, and customer-centricity to remain competitive and resilient in the face of a rapidly changing financial landscape.

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